Wisdom Tooth Removal

Wisdom Tooth Removal

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last set of molars located at the back of the mouth. Most people have four wisdom teeth – two in the upper jaw and two in the lower jaw. These teeth typically emerge in late adolescence or early adulthood, usually between the ages of 17 and 25. 

The name "wisdom teeth" is derived from the fact that they emerge during a time in life when an individual is assumed to be older and wiser. However, the development of wisdom teeth can be associated with various dental issues for many people.

About Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of one or more wisdom teeth. It's common for wisdom teeth to become impacted, meaning they don't fully emerge or align properly with the other teeth. Impaction can lead to a range of problems, including pain, infection, damage to surrounding teeth, and other oral health issues.

Due to these potential complications, wisdom teeth are often evaluated by our oral surgeons, and in many cases, extraction may be recommended to prevent or address these problems. Not everyone needs to have their wisdom teeth removed, but for those experiencing issues or at risk of complications, extraction can be a preventive measure to maintain oral health.

Why Wisdom Teeth Need to be Removed

  • Preventing Dental Issues

Wisdom teeth often lack sufficient space to emerge properly, leading to impaction or misalignment. This can result in crowding, shifting of adjacent teeth, and potential damage to surrounding structures. Removal of wisdom teeth helps prevent these issues, preserving the overall alignment and health of your smile.

  • Reducing Pain and Discomfort

Impacted wisdom teeth can cause significant pain, swelling, and discomfort. Extraction eliminates the source of these problems, providing relief and improving your overall oral health.

  • Preventing Infection and Gum Disease

Due to their location at the back of the mouth, wisdom teeth are more challenging to clean properly, making them susceptible to bacterial growth and infection. Removing wisdom teeth reduces the risk of gum disease and other oral infections.

  • Avoiding Future Complications

Even if wisdom teeth are not causing immediate problems, their potential to cause complications later in life makes early extraction a proactive choice. Addressing the issue before it worsens can save you from more extensive dental procedures.

The Wisdom Teeth Removal Procedure

Consultation and Evaluation

Our experienced oral surgeons will conduct a thorough examination, including X-rays, to assess the positioning, alignment, and potential complications associated with your wisdom teeth.

Anesthesia Options

Depending on the complexity of the extraction and your comfort level, we offer various sedation options.

Extraction Procedure

Using specialized instruments, such as forceps or elevators, the surgeon will carefully loosen and remove each impacted or fully erupted wisdom tooth from its socket. In some cases where there are multiple or deeply impacted teeth involved, they may need to be extracted in separate visits.

Post-Operative Care

Detailed post-operative instructions will be provided to facilitate a comfortable and efficient recovery. This may include guidance on pain management, diet, and oral hygiene.

Wisdom Teeth FAQs

  • When Should I Consider Getting My Wisdom Teeth Removed?

It is generally recommended to undergo a thorough examination by an oral surgeon during your late teens or early twenties when the roots of these molars are still developing, but before they cause significant problems.

  • Is Wisdom Tooth Extraction Painful?

The procedure itself is typically performed under anesthesia, so you won't feel any pain during the extraction. However, some discomfort and swelling can be expected afterward, which can be managed with medication prescribed by the oral surgeon.

  • Are All Wisdom Teeth Extracted?

Not everyone requires wisdom tooth extraction. Our oral surgeons assess each case individually, considering factors such as the position of the teeth, the potential for complications, and the patient's overall oral health.

Common Questions Asked After Extraction of Wisdom Teeth

  • How Long Does the Recovery Process Take?

The recovery time after wisdom tooth extraction can vary from person to person. Generally, it takes about a week for the initial healing to occur. However, complete healing may take several weeks or even months, depending on individual factors such as age and overall health.

  • What Should I Eat During My Recovery Period?

It's important to stick to soft foods that require minimal chewing during your recovery period. Opt for soups, mashed potatoes, yogurt, smoothies, and other easy-to-eat foods that won't irritate the surgical site.

  • Can I Brush My Teeth Normally After Wisdom Tooth Removal?

You should avoid brushing near the extraction site for at least 24 hours following the procedure to allow proper healing. Afterward, you can gently brush your teeth while avoiding direct contact with any sutures or blood clots.

  • When Can I Resume Normal Activities?

It's best to take it easy and rest for at least a day or two after wisdom tooth extraction before resuming normal activities. Avoid strenuous exercise or anything that could potentially dislodge blood clots during this time.

To learn more about the services we offer, visit Associated Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons at one of our three convenient locations. You can find our Frederick dental office at 6550 Mercantile Drive E, Suite 101, Frederick, MD 21703, our Hagerstown dental office at 1144 Opal Court, Hagerstown, MD 21740, and our Martinsburg dental office at 1007 Sushruta Dr, Martinsburg, WV 25401. You can also call us for any queries at (301) 694-0870, (301) 733-2500, or (304) 263-0991, respectively.


6550 Mercantile Drive E Suite 101, Frederick, MD 21703

Phone: (301) 694-0870

Email: frederickxrays@omaxdocs.com

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1144 Opal Court, Hagerstown, MD 21740

Phone: (301) 733-2500

Email: hagerstownxrays@omaxdocs.com

  • MON7:00 am - 4:00 pm
  • TUE7:00 am - 3:00 pm
  • WEDClosed
  • THU7:00 am - 4:00 pm
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  • SAT - SUNClosed
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1007 Sushruta Dr, Martinsburg, WV 25401

Phone: (304) 263-0991

Email: xraywv@omaxdocs.com

  • MONBy appointments only
  • TUE - WED7:00 am - 3:00 pm
  • THU7:00 am - 4:00 pm
  • FRI7:00 am - 1:00 pm
  • SAT - SUNClosed
Contact Us